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Valves solution for power plant

Introduction of Energy Conservation Techniques


Most solutions for improving the efficiency of existing power plants are focused on the boilers and steam turbines while ignoring the significant leakage from valves.
The severe service valves operating at 3200 psi to 3800 psi and 1004 deg F to 1250 deg F are critical to performance and efficiency and a small leak in these valves propogates to larger leaks with service life. This means that super critical steam leaks from the valve instead of being passed through to the steam turbines resulting in less electrical power being produced by the generators. This significantly reduces plant efficiency and causes an imbalance of the thermal system. Actual plant studies have shown that steam leakage from the valves reduces the efficiency of the generators by 2%-3%.
Volk Flow Controls, Inc zero leakage severe service metal seated ball valves are proven in service as the most economic and practical solution for valve leakage problems.


Honeycomb seals have, for many years, been widely used in aircraft engines and gas turbines with great advantages in safety and efficiency compared to the comb seal.
The honeycomb seal was designed and first applied in the U.S.A. In China, turbine seals were applied in power plants over 20 years ago------first in the shaft end of steam turbines and later in the shaft end, baffle plate, blade tip, etc. of the steam turbine. A case study performed by Shanghai Turbine Corporation Limited and Thermal Testing Research Institutions showed that the efficiency of generators using honeycomb seals is enhanced by 1%-3%.
The following table shows the benefits that honeycomb seals bring to a 300 MW generator:
The cylinder efficiency of the whole generator is improved by at least 3.9%.
The Turbo Star seals developed by Beijing LAD Electric and Power Technology Co., Ltd. improved the design of the honeycomb seal in which the honeycomb is inclined at β° angle and welded to the base, resulting in improved efficiency.
In addition, by using honeycomb seals, the cost of refurbishing generators is greatly reduced.
Honeycomb seals can be easily installed during outages or when the generator is scheduled for maintenance, thus saving considerable energy and at the same time reducing the emission.


The majority of air preheaters use a fixed seal. The air leakage rate of air preheaters is about 5% to 7% during one year’s operation rising to 6% to 12% after a year’s operation subject to different management and designs, which directly affect the operating efficiency.

For the power plant boiler, when the air leakage factor of the boiler cavity increases 0.1-0.2, the exhaust gas temperature will increase by 35 degF to 50 degF and the boiler efficiency will decrease by 0.2~0.5%. Assuming that the boiler efficiency is improved by 1%, then:

For example, if the smoke exhaust of the boiler decreases from 7.0% to 6.0%, the air leakage factor decreases by 0.1%, and the boiler efficiency increases by 0.25%. Coal consumption for a 300 MW generator will be saved:
2.0 g/ kW.h × 0.25 = 0.5 g/ kW.h
The new re-designed brush seals air preheaters can maintain the air leakage rate below 5%, thus improving the boiler efficiency by about 1%. The new re-designed brush seals efficiently solves the serious air leakage problem.


and reduces the emissions of NOX and SOX.

pictureThe refurbishing of steam turbines can enhance the efficiency of the generators by 10%. The majority of generators (≦ 300 MW) are refurbished in the flow process.
Refurbish a 300 MW generator for example:
Heat consumption is reduced by 300 kJ/kW. h and coal consumption is reduced by 10.2 g/kW.h.
If the generator runs 5000 hours per year, then 15300 tons of coal will be saved. Cost savings:
15300 × $138 =$2,111,400 (USD) based on a coal price of $138/ton
Suppose 2620 kg CO2 , 8.5kg SO2 and 7.4kg Nitrogen Oxides will be generated combusting 1 ton coal, then the reduced emission by refurbishing:
CO2: 2620 ×15300= 40086 (tons)
SO2: 8.5 ×15300= 130 (tons)
Nitrogen Oxides: 7.4 ×15300= 113 (tons)

Environmental Protection Tech.


Feng’s environmental protection includes “Energy Saving High Efficient De-dust Technology”, “Energy Balanced FGD Technology”, “Energy Saving High Efficient Whole Day SCR Technology” and “Safe, Energy Saving, Lifetime Extending Technology of SCR Catalyst”, “Anti-Blocking and Anti-Corrosion Technology for Air Preheater”.

I. Illustration of Environmental Protection
a) Energy Saving High Efficient Series of De-dust Technology
The total flue gas has been greatly declined by reducing the leakage of the air preheater, applying high efficient lower oxygen combustion technology and improving the unit efficiency.
Modify the power supply unit of the electric precipitator by applying high frequency power technology. Change the nominal working frequency to the high frequency operation, and further optimize and adjust the power supply and operation mode of the electric precipitator.
b) Energy Balanced FGD Technology
The power consumption of FGD facilities is reduced to less than 0.8% during its rated operation by optimizing its system design and operation mode.
Applying a special heat recovery device, the heat in the flue gas and the heat generated by the ID fan and the Booster fan during their operation can be collected. The recovered heat can fully offset the power consumption of the FGD facilities.
3. Energy Saving High Efficient Whole Day SCR Technology
To modify the turbine and thermal system, the extraction steam can be increased during low load operation. This can relatively improve the feedwater temperature in boiler low load and the flue gas temperature can be enhanced. At the same time, to adjust the boiler heating surface, the catalyst can run in the safe condition and high efficient area during the unit whole load range.
4. Anti-Blocking and Anti-Corrosion Technology for Air Preheater
Expanding the philosophy of regeneration, to improve the intake air temperature can remarkable lift the average operation temperature of the heating surface in cold end of the air preheater. Thus the dewing area can be depressed so that the dewing and clinging speed dropped. To ensure the flushing by the flue gas larger than the clinging of the attachment, the blockage of the air preheater can be avoided. At the same time, the corrosion can be easily solved.
5. Safe, Energy saving, Lifetime Extending Technology of SCR Catalyst
Applying Feng’s brand new startup technology, except for the advantages mentioned in Energy Saving, catalyst poisoned, carbon and ash deposited, and catalyst sintered, hydrates formed on its surface will be avoided. The operation lifetime of the catalyst can be extended greatly.
Feng’s series of environmental protection technologies cover de-dust, FGD and SCR and can realize high efficient environmental protection based on energy saving. These technologies have predominant advantages on both economy and environment.
II. Reference in Waigaoqiao No.3 Power Plant
The emission is greatly reduced
 Emission of dust: 11mg/m3
 Emission of SO2: 60mg/m3
Emission of NOx ≤ 30mg/m
 SCR efficiency≥89% (40%-100% load)
 Preventing the corrosion and blockage of air preheater
 Extending the lifetime of SCR catalyst

picture Fuel oil consumption in the Power Industry accounts for a large part of the total fuel consumption, therefore, any oil-saving technology is of great value. At present, the oil-saving technology in the US focuses on the stable combustion at low load, whereas the oil-saving technology on the stable combustion during start-up, outage or peak regulation is not widely used. Note that oil consumption during start-up or outage of the boiler takes about 60%, whereas low-load stable combustion takes about 40%.
Gasification small oil gun ignition and combustion techniques can be applied in the combustion system of boilers in coal-fired power plants. The high velocity flow breaks the fuel oil into fine jet sprays which atomize into superfine oil mist and then combust. The heat generated by the combustion rapidly heats the fuel and burns the oil mist, which allows the oil gun to directly burn gasified fuel thus greatly improving the flame temperature and thus burn efficiency. The temperature of the transparent flame core can reach temperatures of 2750 deg F to 3650 deg F which directly ignites coal dust which assists start up of the boilers under stable combustion with low load.

With a low investment, small oil gun ignition technique saves oil for the power stations by 90%, thereby reducing the cost of electricity generation. This small oil gun ignition technique is applied widely in power stations throughout China where the investment is re-paid after several outages.
Further, this small oil gun ignition and stable combustion technique saves fuel oil and reduces the emissions of NOX and SOX.



To reduce Energy Consumption and Enhance Efficiency

To reduce Emissions, especially Hazardous Pollutants

To promote and invest in Energy Savings, Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Technology.